Chess, the game of Kings. Why is it called this? Well, the King, or Shah in Persian (where the game was founded) is the single most important piece on a chessboard. But, unlike other pieces, the King can usually only move one step at a time.
But, if you’re a beginner to the world of chess, you may not be aware that there is an exception to this one-step rule.
Chess rules dictate that the King be one of the slowest pieces on the board. In most cases, the King will only move one step at a time but in every direction, such as horizontally, vertically, and diagonally.
The one exception to this rule, however, is known as a “castling move.” Here, the player can move the King two steps in a horizontal direction with just one turn.
In chess, castling represents the only move that allows two pieces to walk in the same turn. Moreover, this move is always performed with two pieces, rather than one, always being the King and either of the two rooks.
There’s no doubt that castling is a unique move, but it is not allowed throughout the entire game. Only certain conditions allow for this move to take place.
Read on as we explore the castling move and answer some common queries about the King piece in chess.
When And How To Perform A Castling Move In Chess
If you’re new to chess, you’re probably a bit confused about the castling move. After all, we’re all taught that the King can only ever move one step at a time.
Well, in truth, castling has been around for centuries. It was first introduced to help speed the game up as some chess matches would often go on for hours and hours.
Castling always involves a rook, but in technical terms, it is considered a King move.
However, you can not castle with the King at any moment in a Chess game. The following conditions need to be present for a castling move to occur:
- The King and Rook can not have moved yet (for the entirety of the game up until this point)
- If your King is in check, the player can not use a castle move
- If the spaces in which you want to move the King are under threat of check, castling is not allowed
- If other pieces lock the path of the King or Rook, castling can not be performed
If the game meets the right conditions for castling, you can perform the move.
In order to castle, you need to walk your King two spaces horizontally. This can either be to its left or right. The direction you move depends on the rook’s position (the one you choose to castle with).
Once the King has been moved, the rook then jumps over the King until it is positioned just one space to the King’s other side.
Check out this video if you still find the castling move a little confusing (most of us do at first!) The video explains the castling move in detail so you can possibly give it a go in your next game.
Can You Move A King Two Spaces For A “Kill?”
The King is always permitted to take an undefended chess piece from an opponent. However, it can only do so when moving one space.
Chess rules do not give the King power to kill an opponent’s piece when it is two or more spaces away from it. The same applies to the castling move.
It is possible to attack another piece with the King, but it shouldn’t be the main method of a novice chess player.
Remember, the King is the most valuable and important piece on a chessboard. You lose it, you lose the game.
If you want to take out other chess pieces, your best bet is to choose an offense with your rooks, pawns, Knights, Bishops, or Queen. That way, your King will not be in danger.
In Summary: The King – One Step At A Time
Aside from the castling move, a King can only move one step at a time. This is what makes castling such a special and unique move. But, it is not uncommon.
The majority of King moves are quite normal. You move one step in any direction on the board, and that’s it.
Yes, you may feel restricted by this lack of movement and we understand that it does not make for a fast-moving piece. But, this is why making the King move two steps in one turn becomes so exciting when it happens.
Good luck in your next chess game, and if the opportunity arises, give castling a go!