The right opening can be the difference between victory and defeat in a game of chess. In a game with such a high focus on strategy, starting a game of chess with a good opening can give you control of the entire game.
As the first side to move, White gets a particular advantage when it comes to their opening. With the right strategy, you can gain a massive edge on your opponent before they even get a chance to play.
If you’re new to chess and want to know the best openings to use when playing as White, then you’ve come to the right place!
In this handy guide, we’ll take you through some of the best chess openings for White, why they’re so effective, and how you can use them yourself!
So let’s get started, shall we?
The Best White Chess Openings (And How To Do Them)
1) King’s Pawn Opening (1.e4)
By far the most popular opening move in chess, the King’s Pawn Opening is famous for being an aggressive first move that immediately takes control of the center of the board.
This opening involves moving the pawn in front of the king forward two spaces, which is denoted by 1.e4.
One of the biggest advantages of the King’s Pawn Opening is that it opens up two of the most mobile attacking pieces, the queen and a bishop, to move straight away.
This is incredibly useful for a more aggressive game while also providing plenty of options if you need to change strategies as you have early control of the center.
While it may be the most well-known opening in modern chess, this can play to your advantage.
Once you’ve learned how players try to counter your 1.e4 opening, you can develop strategies to help shift the game in your favor before it even begins.
2) The Queen’s Gambit
The Queen’s Gambit (also known as the Queen’s Pawn Opening) is practically identical to the King’s Pawn Opening, but serves a very different function. In this opening, the queen’s pawn moves forwards two spaces; instead of 1.e4, this move is often shortened to 1.d4.
Despite only being one horizontal tile in difference to the King’s Pawn Opening, the Queen’s Gambit can lead to very different results.
This is because moving the Queen’s Pawn to 1.d4 essentially sacrifices it, and the game can go in dramatically different directions depending on whether or not Black takes the pawn.
If they accept the gambit, then you can move the c pawn to c4 – this acts as backup for your d4 pawn and gives you a great center presence.
However, there are many ways the game can go if Black chooses to decline the gambit, so be ready to improvise.
While it can be a bit risky to use, a well-executed Queen’s Gambit can give you even more center control than the King’s Pawn Opening and put a lot of pressure on Black.
3) The English Opening
An opening that has become increasingly popular in recent years, the English Opening is a slightly more unorthodox starting move that offers a good balance between an aggressive attack and strategic defense.
The English Opening involves moving the c pawn forward two places, written as 1.c4. While leading with the c pawn is unusual, it can be used to great advantage if played correctly.
Opening with 1.c4 doesn’t open up any sharp lines in your defenses, but still gives you good center control. This means that it is an aggressive move that still plays well with positional strategies.
On top of this, it can also be difficult for your opponent to predict and counter the following exchanges.
One of the most interesting aspects of the English Opening is that it is transpositional – this means that it can lead into multiple different positions that you would achieve with other openings.
This can be used to trick your opponent and keep up the pressure as they might not be able to adapt to the shifting strategy.
4) The London System Or Mason Variation
This variation on the previously mentioned Queen’s Pawn Opening develops the initial 1.d4 move with a versatile and effective system that can be used to take on practically any Black defense.
The London System, also known as the Mason Variation, follows up on 1.d4 by moving the queen-side bishop to f4 where it is aligned vertically with your other bishop.
This side steps any lines Black can find to attack, while also setting you up to take on most defenses that Black can try to play. This gives you an incredibly solid setup overall.
While the London System is often dismissed as too boring or a way to avoid strategy, it can produce interesting and highly-strategic results when used properly.
Putting it into practice effectively can easily help you develop your other pieces to play aggressively and defend against any counters.
5) The Vienna Game
The Vienna Game is one of the most aggressive openings you can use as White, although it often goes unused. This attacking gambit involves starting with 1.e4, which Black counters with e5 (by moving their e pawn to meet yours).
From here, your knights need to move in front of your bishops, one row behind your e pawn; this means your next turns will be 2.Nc3 and 3.Nf3 (or vice versa).
While the Vienna Game is harder to pull off, it is theoretically sound and can be used to set up dangerous traps and attacks. Additionally, as it isn’t commonly used most players won’t be familiar with how to defend themselves against it.
It may be more of a glass cannon than other White openings, but can be used to great effect if you can maintain the same pressure and aggressiveness.
Learning the many openings in chess can be tricky, but there are plenty of options to choose from each with their own advantages and disadvantages.
These 5 White openings are great for both amateur and professional chess players, but are also easy to learn and practice.
Like any part of chess, the best way to learn is through experience. So practice these great openings for White, and you’ll see your skills develop in no time!
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